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  Xantolis tomentosa
  Citation:  Xantolis tomentosa (Roxb.) Rafin., Sylv. Tellur, 35. 1838; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 228. 1998. Sideroxylon tomentosum Roxb., Pl. Corom.1: 28. t.28. 1795; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 538. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 759(534). 1921. Sapota elengioides A. DC., Prodr. 8: 176. 1844. Achras elengioides (A. DC.) Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 235. 1872. Sideroxylon tomentosum Roxb. var. elengioides (A. DC.) Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 759(534). 1923. Xantolis tomentosa (Roxb.) Rafin. var. elengioides (A. DC.) Vajr., Biol. Mem. 22: 86. 1977; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 267. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 180. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karimkara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 18 m high, bark light reddish brown, cracked, shallowly and vertically fissured; exudation milky; young parts ferruginous pubescent, old branches with stout thorns. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 5-10 mm, slender, pubescent; lamina 4-8 x 1.5-3.5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-obovate or obovate; base attenuate, apex obtusely acute, margin entire, woolly beneath when young, glabrous when mature, coriaceous; lateral nerves 10-12 pairs, pinnate, slender; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, white or yellowish white, fragrant, fascicled at leafless nodes; pedicel 4-5 mm, tomentose; sepals 3+3, 6 x 3 mm, ovate, acute, hairy, inner smaller; corolla lobes 5-6, 10 mm long, campanulate, tube globose, throat densely hairy, lobes lanceolate; stamens 6, filaments linear, anthers ovate or lanceolate, extrorse, filaments hairy at base; staminodes 4, filiform, hairy with broad base; ovary 5 celled, superior, densely hairy, conical, ovules on axile placentae; style 10 mm long, cylindric; stigma small. Fruit a berry, 2.5 x 1.5 cm, ovoid, green, apiculate; seeds ellipsoid, shining, brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: India, Sri Lanka and Indo-China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vellimala, Kalvarimala
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