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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Vitex pinnata
 
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Vitex pinnata L., Sp. Pl. 638. 1753; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 318. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 320. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 362. 1994; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 527. 2002; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 370. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 396. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 569. 2009. Vitex pubescens Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 85. 1794, non Heyne 1829; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 585. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1103(772). 1924. Vitex arborea Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 73. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aattumayila, Kattumayila, Kattumayilellu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high, bark thick, white; young shoot grey pubescent; branchlets 4-angled, lenticellata. Leaves 3-foliolate, sometimes 5-foliolate, opposite, estipulate; rachis 35-70 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above, winged in coppice shoot, flattened; petiolule 7-10 mm, subsessile; lamina 7-16 x 1.8-4.9 cm, elliptic, lanceolate or oblanceolate, base acute, apex acuminate, margin entire or coarsely serrate, yellow gland dotted beneath, chartaceous; lateral nerves 8-22, pinnate, prominent, slender; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, cream with yellow palate, in lax axillary panicles of dichasia to 25 cm; calyx 4 mm long, yellow spotted without, 5 toothed; corolla 8 mm across, creamy, throat yellow, pubescent outside, 2-lipped, upper 2 and lower 3 lobed, upper lip 2 mm, acute, lower lip 4 mm, ovate, lateral lobes broadly oblong, subacute, puberulous and glandular; stamens 4, didynamous, exserted; anthers 0.7 mm; ovary 1 mm, superior; style 3 mm, filiform; stigma bifid. Fruit a drupe, 1.3 cm long, obovoid, supported by enlarged calyx; seeds 4.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Banks of streams in moist deciduous forests, also in sacred groves in the plains
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue, Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-750
  Localities: Pandalam, Thiruvizha, Peppara, Kottur
   
 
   
 
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