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  Vitex leucoxylon
  Citation:  Vitex leucoxylon L. f., Suppl. Pl. 293. 1781; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 587. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1103(772). 1923; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 228. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 318. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 320. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 623. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 355. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 540. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 314. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 245. 1999; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 356. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 395. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 646. 2009. Wallrothia leucoxylon (L. f.) Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 391. 1821.
  Malayalam Name(s): Attunochi, Beemis, Neernochi, Vellanotchi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, bark yellowish-grey or greyish-brown, rough. Leaves opposite, decussate, leaflets 3-5, whorled, 2.5-16 x 1.5-4 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, base acute or attenuate, apex acute or obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous above, puberulent beneath, coriaceous; rachis 5.5-8.5 cm, slender, swollen at the base; lateral nerves 5-14 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, in axillary corymbose cymes, to 17 cm long; pedicels to 2 mm. Calyx cupular, sparsely appressed puberulent; tube 2 mm long, 5-toothed. Corolla white, bilipped, purplish-pubescent in the throat; lobes 5. Stamens 4, didynamous, inserted below the throat of the corolla tube, slightly exserted; filaments thickened and villous towards the base; anthers purple. Ovary superior, globose; style filiform; stigma bifid. Fruit a drupe, 1.2-2 cm long, obovoid, purple-black, fleshy.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-July
  District(s): Kottayam, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along river banks in evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vazhachal, Athiyodai, Champakkad, Pamba, Vallakkadavu, Kuruva Island, Nedumkayam, Thannithode, Thekkuthode
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