Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Vateria indica
 
  Family: DIPTEROCARPACEAE
  Citation:  Vateria indica L., Sp. Pl. 513. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 313. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 85(61). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 42. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 84. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 73. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 24. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 58. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 73. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 52. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 75. 1990; K.P. Janardh. in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 245. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 75. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 28. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,30. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 56. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 35. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 28. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 391. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 25. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 94. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 75. 2005; K.P. Janardh. & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 370. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 112. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 142. 2009. Vateria malabarica Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2: 29. 1852.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pandam, Payin, Painimaram, Perumpiney, Vellappayin, Vellathelly, Vellakundirikkam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian copal tree, Piney varnish tree, White dammar
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bark 10-12 mm, greyish, blotched with white and green, smooth; exudation, sticky, resinous; branchlets puberulus. Leaves simple, alternate, 7-20 x 5-9 cm, oblong, apex acuminate or obtusely acute, base round, obtuse or cordate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 12-18 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent ; petiole 25-40 mm, stout, stellate pubescent, swollen tipped; stipule narrow, lateral, deciduous. Flowers bisexual, white, 2-3 cm across, fragrant, in terminal panicles, densely stellate puberulus. Sepals 5, free, lanceolate, covered with stellate hairs. Petals 5, white, obovate, spreading, shortly united at base. Stamens many, free; filaments hairy; anthers often slightly hairy at base; connective produced into a filiform appendage. Ovary superior, ovoid-oblong, tomentose, 3-celled, 2-ovules in each cell; style filiform, glabrous; stigma small. Fruit a capsule, 11-15 x 5-6 cm, pale brown, ovoid or oblong-ovoid, lanceolate, tip acuminate; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1200
  Localities: Poringal, Rosemala, Vallakkadavu, Parambikulam, Panthenthode border, Kodumon, Kannoth, Parappa, Payyanur, Mukkali forests, Kallar, Kaviar, Aroorkutty, Kulathupuzha, Karamanayar region
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online