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  Vateria indica
  Citation:  Vateria indica L., Sp. Pl. 513. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 313. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 85(61). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 42. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 84. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 73. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 24. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 58. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 73. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 52. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 75. 1990; K.P. Janardh. in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 245. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 75. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 28. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,30. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 56. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 35. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 28. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 391. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 25. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 94. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 75. 2005; K.P. Janardh. & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 370. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 112. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 142. 2009. Vateria malabarica Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2: 29. 1852.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pandam, Payin, Painimaram, Perumpiney, Vellappayin, Vellathelly, Vellakundirikkam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian copal tree, Piney varnish tree, White dammar
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bark 10-12 mm, greyish, blotched with white and green, smooth; exudation, sticky, resinous; branchlets puberulus. Leaves simple, alternate, 7-20 x 5-9 cm, oblong, apex acuminate or obtusely acute, base round, obtuse or cordate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 12-18 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent ; petiole 25-40 mm, stout, stellate pubescent, swollen tipped; stipule narrow, lateral, deciduous. Flowers bisexual, white, 2-3 cm across, fragrant, in terminal panicles, densely stellate puberulus. Sepals 5, free, lanceolate, covered with stellate hairs. Petals 5, white, obovate, spreading, shortly united at base. Stamens many, free; filaments hairy; anthers often slightly hairy at base; connective produced into a filiform appendage. Ovary superior, ovoid-oblong, tomentose, 3-celled, 2-ovules in each cell; style filiform, glabrous; stigma small. Fruit a capsule, 11-15 x 5-6 cm, pale brown, ovoid or oblong-ovoid, lanceolate, tip acuminate; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1200
  Localities: Poringal, Rosemala, Vallakkadavu, Parambikulam, Panthenthode border, Kodumon, Kannoth, Parappa, Payyanur, Mukkali forests, Kallar, Kaviar, Aroorkutty, Kulathupuzha, Karamanayar region
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