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  Turpinia malabarica
 
  Family: STAPHYLEACEAE
  Citation:  Turpinia malabarica Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1917: 135. 1916. & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 241(173). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 122. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 62. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 108. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 128. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 26, 33, 38; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 115. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 73. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 159. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 76. 1998; P.C. Pant in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 416. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 76. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 139. 2005; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 789. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 248. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Alunkumaram, Kanakkappalam, Marali, Pambaravetti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bole buttressed, bark greyish-brown. Leaves imparipinnate, opposite, stipulate; leaflets 3-7, opposite, stipellate; 5-12 x 1.5-5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-obovate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, apex acuminate or obtusely acuminate, base acute or cuneate, margin serrate, glabrous, coriaceous; rachis 19-25 cm long, stout, swollen at base, glabrous; lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-white, 8-10 mm across, in axillary and terminal panicles with opposite branches. Sepals 5, 3 mm long, ovate, slightly connate at base, obtuse, ciliate. Petals 5. Stamens 5; filaments shortly villous, inserted outside the disc; disc erect, crenate. Ovary sessile, superior, 3 lobed, 3-celled. Fruit a berry, subglobose, 1-3 pointed, but not lobed, glabrous; seeds complanate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1700
  Localities: Sholayar, Poringal, Peringalkuth, Kallar, Alvarakurichi, Kokkara, Pezha, Puliyala, Parambikulam, Nelluyampathy forests, Valiyaparathode, Sabarimala, Ambayathode, Chandanathode, Santhanpara, Mukkali forests, Thalichola
   
 
   
 
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