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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Turpinia cochinchinensis
 
  Family: STAPHYLEACEAE
  Citation:  Turpinia cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr., J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 43. 1938; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 62. 1988; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 72. 1998; P.C. Pant in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 415. 2000; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 788. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 247. 2009. Triceros cochinchinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 184. 1790. Turpinia nepalensis Wall. ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 156. 1834; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 241(172). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 123. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 108. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 128. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 73. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 76. 1998. Turpinia pomifera sensu Hiern in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 698. 1875, non DC. 1824.
  Malayalam Name(s): Attuneermulla, Kanali, Kambilivetti, Pambaravetti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 18 m high; bark thin, brown; blaze yellow. Leaves imparipinnate, opposite; stipules interpetiolar, triangular, cauducous; rachis 3-10.5 cm, stout, swollen at base, glabrous; leaflets 3-9, opposite; stipels lanceolate-subulate; cauducous; petiolule 5-28 mm long, slender, grooved above, opposite; lamina 4-15 x 2.5-6 cm, oblong, elliptic-oblong, ovate or elliptic-ovate, base acute or attenuate, apex acuminate, margin serrate or crenate-serrate, coriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 4-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 3-4 mm across, cream coloured, in terminal or axillary panicles; pedicel short; sepals 5, 1.5 mm long, ovate, obtuse, ciliolulate; petals 5, 3 mm long, ovate, acute; stamens 5, inserted outside the disc; filaments glabrous; disc raised, 5-lobed; ovary sessile, 3-lobed, 3-celled, ovules 2 or more in each cell. Fruit a berry, 12-18 mm, globose, 1-3 lobed, purplish-brown, 3-celled; seeds angular, dark brown; hilum large.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-October
  District(s): Idukki, Kollam, Palakkad, Kannur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1000-2000
  Localities: Pongumala, Chokkampetti, Uppermanalar, Munnar, Vattavada, Sispara, Chandanathode, Devicolam, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy
   
 
   
 
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