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  Tithonia diversifolia
 
  Family: ASTERACEAE/COMPOSITAE
  Citation:  Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Sci. 19: 5. 1883; Subram., Indian For. 96: 528. 1970; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 154. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 234. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 222. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 384. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 268. 1994; H.J. Chowdhery in Hajra et al., Fl. India 12: 416. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 380. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 210. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 171. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 172. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 390. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 393. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 481. 2009. Mirasolia diversifolia Hemsl., Biol. Contrib. Amer. 2: 168. t. 47. 1881.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kaippanpachha, Veli Suryakanthi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Mexican Sunflower, Tree marigold
  Description: Shrubs. Leaves alternate, 10-25 cm long, 3-5 lobed; lobes acute to acuminate, crenulate, base decurrent, tomentose below. Heads 8-12 cm across, solitary, axillary, on long hollow peduncle; bracts 4-seriate, outer smaller, obtuse, puberulus; inner 10-14 mm long, oblong, obtuse. Flowers 2-types; outer female, ligulate; limb 3-5 x 1.5 cm, oblong, entire or 2-toothed, yellow. Inner flowers tubular, bisexual; corolla 8-10 mm long, 5-lobed, yellow; anthers erect, base obtuse, black. Achenes 6 mm long, dark brown, hairy; pappus of two bristles.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Often grown as live fence
  Distribution: Cosmopolitan
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-700
  Localities: Karimutty, Vallakkadavu, Kannimara, Ponmudi, Thazhakkara, Vaniampuzha, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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