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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Theobroma cacao
 
  Family: STERCULIACEAE
  Citation:  Theobroma cacao L., Sp. Pl. 752. 1753; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 96. 1984; K.C. Malick in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 476. 1993; V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 476. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 141. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 168. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kokko
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cocco, Cacao, Cocoa Tree, Chocolate Nut tree
  Description: Small, evergreen trees. Leaves alternate, large, elliptic-oblong or obovate, entire, abruptly acuminate, 15-30 cm long, leathery; short-petioled with a well marked pulvinus at each end.. Flowers cauliflorous, small. Petals hooded at base. Staminal tube short with 5 petaloid elongate staminodes and 2 or 3 sessile anthers. Ovary sessile, 5-loculed; ovules many in each locule; stigma 5-lobed. Fruit a large woody drupe, ellipsoid-ovoid, ca 30 cm long, smooth or ribbed, reddish yellow, 5-loculed each with a double row of almond-like seeds embedded in white-pinkish or brownish mucilaginous aromatic pulp.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Widely cultivated in the tropics; native of Tropical America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: R. Block, Pooyamkutty
   
 
   
 
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