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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Tetrameles nudiflora
 
  Family: DATISCACEAE
  Citation:  Tetrameles nudiflora R. Br. in Bennett, Pl. Jav. Rar. 79. t.17. 1838; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 627. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 544(384). 1919; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 197. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 181. 1985; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 217. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 156. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 10,16. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 208. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 138. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 304. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 158. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 139. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 293. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 239. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 400. 2009. Tetrameles grahamiana Wight, Ic. t. 1956. 1853.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chini, Cheeni, Cheenimaram, Vellapasa
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous dioecious trees, to 45 m high, bole buttressed; bark 10 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, tuberculate-lenticellate. Leaves simple, alternate, crowded at the apex of branchlets 7.5-20 x 5-12 cm, orbicular-ovate or broadly ovate, apex acute-acuminate, base cordate, margin glandular-serrate, coriaceous, glabrous above, densely tomentose beneath; petiole 5-15 cm long, slender, tomentose; nerves 3-5 from base, palmate, prominent, lateral nerves 4-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellowish-green; female flowers sessile, in spicate pendulous panicles. Male flowers subsessile, in pubescent panicles, 4 mm across, calyx tube very short; lobes 4, ovate, united at base; petals absent; stamens 4, opposite the calyx lobes, inserted around a flat central disc; pistillode rudimentary. Female flowers: 4 x 3 mm; calyx connate with the ovary, 4-gonous; lobes 4, short; petals absent; staminodes absent; ovary inferior, 1-celled, ovules numerous on 4 parietal placentae; styles 4, subulate; stigmas club shaped. Fruit a capsule, 5-6 mm long, urceolate, faintly 8-ribbed, glandular, crowned by persistent calyx segments, opening at top; seeds minute, brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode, Kannur, Ernakulam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Rosemala, Puthussery, Uppupara, Vengoli, Arampa, Parappa, Marapalam-Pothundy, Anmooly slopes, Nedumkayam, Balmora ridge, Ariankavu, Attayar
   
 
   
 
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