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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
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  Terminalia travancorensis
 
  Family: COMBRETACEAE
  Citation:  Terminalia travancorensis Wight & Arn., Prodr. 314. 1834; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 464(329). 1919; Raghavan & Kulkarni, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 5: 219. 1984; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 176. 1984; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 184. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 178. 1996; Gangop. & Chakrab., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 21: 361. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 135. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 118. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 353. 2009. Terminalia angustifolia sensu Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 437. 1832, non Jacq. 1776; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 449. 1878.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chulamaruthu, Kattukadukka, Kodakai, Kotta, Peikkadukka
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bole often buttressed, bark 5-6 mm thick, surface yellowish-grey, smooth. Leaves simple, opposite to alternate, estipulate; petiole 12-30 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 8-16 x 2.5-5 cm, elliptic, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, base unequally acute or round, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 12-18 pairs, parallel, prominent, arched towards the margin; intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, white, 3-4 mm across, in axillary and terminal paniculate spikes; branches hispid; calyx tube constricted above the ovary; lobes 5, hispid outside, densely villous inside; petals 0; disc 5 lobed, villous; stamens 10 in 2 rows; filaments 4 mm long; ovary densely tomentose, inferior; style subulate; stigma terminal. Fruit a drupe 3-3.5 x 1.3 cm, ellipsoid, 5-angled, speckled with brown spots, glabrous, yellowish-brown; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -700
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Koruthode, Kariamchola, Nelluyampathy forests, Meenmutty-Kulamavu
   
 
   
 
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