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5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Terminalia catappa
  Citation:  Terminalia catappa L., Syst. Nat. (ed.12) 2: 674. 1767 & Mant. Pl. 2: 519. 1771; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 444. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 463(328). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 104. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 175. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 159. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 244. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 183. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 178. 1996; Gangop. & Chakrab., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 21: 342. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 213. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 284. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 353. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Adamaram, Badam, Kadappa, Kottakuru, Natu-badam, Oodal, Thalli-thenga, Talintanna
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian almond tree, Badamier, Java Almond, Malabar almond, Singapore almond, Ketapang, Pacific Almond
  Description: Trees, to 25 m high, often buttressed; bark brownish to grey, smooth; young shoots rusty or brown tomentose; branchlets brown to reddish-brown, terete with prominent leaf scars, glabrous on ageing. Leaves simple, alternate, densely clustered at the tip of branchlets; estipulate; petiole 8-15 mm long, stout, pubescent; lamina 13-34 × 6-20 cm, obovate, orbicular-obovate, base cuneate, acute or attenuate, apex round, obtuse, retuse or apiculate, margin entire, glabrous above, puberulent beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-13 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent; domatia occasionally present; 2 prominent glands on either side at the base of the midrib beneath. Flowers polygamous, 4 mm across, sessile, white or yellowish-green, in axillary simple, rusty pubescent racemes to 8-21 cm long; calyx tube 3-5 x 1-1.3 mm, pubescent, expanded portion cupular, 3.5-5 × 3-5 mm; teeth 5, triangular or ovate, 1-2 x 1.5-2 mm, acute, glabrous; petals absent; stamens 10; filaments 3-4 mm long; anthers oblong, disc villous; ovary inferior, 5 mm long, 1-celled, ovule pendulous; style 2-4 mm long. Fruits a drupe, 3-7 × 2.5-4.5 cm, broadly ellipsoid to ovoid, laterally compressed, inflated, brown or reddish-brown, glabrous, glossy.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental tree
  Distribution: Malaysia to North Australia and Polynesia, commonly planted in the tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1000
  Localities: Peechi, Muttar
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