Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Tectona grandis
 
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Tectona grandis L. f., Suppl. Pl. 151. 1781; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 570. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1092(765). 1924; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 231. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 317. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 298. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 358. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 622. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 369. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 361. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 280. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 354. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 244. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 537. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 312. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 244. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 243. 2002; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 320. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 395. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 567. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 644. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Thekku
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Teak, Indian-Oak
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 30 m high, bark 10-20 mm thick, yellowish-brown, rough, shallowly vertically fissured, fibrous; bole often fluted at base; branchlets 5-10 mm thick, 4-angled, puberulous. Leaves simple, opposite, 30-60 x 15-30 cm, ovate, obovate, apex acute or obtuse, base attenuate, margin entire, wavy, glabrous above and pubescent below with minute red glands, coriaceous; petiole 10-50 mm long, stout, tomentose; lateral nerves 8-10 pairs, pinnate, prominent, raised beneath, puberulent beneath; intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white, 7 mm across, in terminal cymose panicles, 10-30 cm across, puberulous. Calyx 5 mm long, campanulate, lobes 5-6, subequal, ovate, tomentose. Corolla 6 mm long, lobes 5-6, oblong, spreading. Stamens 5-6, equal, erect, inserted at the throat, exserted; filaments 3 mm; anthers oblong. Ovary globose, superior, densely hairy, 4-celled, 1 ovule in each cell; style slender, 4 mm; stigma linearly bifid. Fruit a drupe, 1.5-2 cm across, globose, brown, densely floccose hairy, covered by the inflated calyx, epicarp spongy, endocarp stony; seeds 1-4, oblong.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also raised in plantations
  Distribution: South and South East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kattalappara, Chinnar, Karadikkavala, Anappadi, Kalleli, Taliparamba, Bekal, Silent Valley R. F., Vandanam, Canoli, Vandalodu
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online