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  Tamilnadia uliginosa
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Tamilnadia uliginosa (Retz.) Tirveng. & Sastre, Mauritius Inst. Bull. 8: 85. 1979; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 132. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 353. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 245. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 239. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 352. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 163. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 361. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 450. 2009. Gardenia uliginosa Retz., Obs. Bot. 2: 14. 1781; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 206. 1984. Randia uliginosa (Retz.) DC., Prodr. 4: 386. 1830; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 110. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 615(434). 1921. Catunaregam uliginosa (Retz.) Sivar. in Manilal & Sivar., Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 132. 1982. Xeromphis uliginosa (Retz.) Mahesh., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 3: 92. 1961; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 12.1996.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karei, Punnankara, Pindichakka
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Tamilnadia
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 7 m high, bark reddish-brown; branchlets 4 angled, terminating with one or two pair of sharp thorns. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipule interpetiolar, 3-5 x 5-7 mm, broadly triangular, acuminate; petiole 5-10 mm, stout, glabrous; lamina 5-18 x 2-8 cm, obovate, oblanceolate or obovate-oblong, base cuneate or attenuate, apex obtuse or round, margin entire, glabrous above and pubescent and glaucous beneath; lateral nerves 5-10 pairs, pinnate, prominent beneath; intercostae reticulate, slender; domatia present. Flowers bisexual, white, 5 cm across, solitary, at the end of branchlets, dimorphic with large and sessile, small and stalked; calyx tube 1-1.2 x 0.3-0.4 cm, turbinate, silky pubescent at throat, lobes 5, suborbicular; corolla tube short, lobes 5, large, spreading, orbicular, hairy at mouth, imbricate; stamens 5; anthers linear; ovary 2-celled, inferior, ovules many; style stout; stigma thick, 2 lobed. Fruit a berry, 4-5 x 2.5-3.5 cm, ovoid or ellipsoid, smooth, yellow; seeds smooth, compressed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: India and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-600
  Localities: Peechi, Vazhachal, Thellikkal, Kottur R.F., Kanjirakadavu, Karimpuzha, Kappukadu, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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