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  Talipariti tiliaceum
  Citation:  Talipariti tiliaceum (L.) Fryxell, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 23: 258. 2001; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 122. 2009. Hibiscus tiliaceus L., Sp. Pl. 694. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 343. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 98(70). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 48. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 88. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 75. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 64. 1990; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 322. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 79. 1994; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 91. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 31. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 84. 2005; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 424. 2005; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 424. 2005. Paritium tiliaceum (L.) A. Juss. in St. Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 156. 1827.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aattuparuthi, Neerparuthi, Puzhapparuthi, Poopparuthi, Thalipparuthi, Velipparuthi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Mahoe, Sea hibiscus, Yellow mallow
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bark greyish-brown, smooth; young parts softly stellate-tomentose with prominent annular stipular scars. Leaves simple, alternate, stipulate; stipules 15-40 x 8-14 mm, oblong-lanceolate, lateral, enclosing the apical bud, many veined, stellate-puberulent externally, glabrous internally, deciduous; petiole 4-18 cm long (commonly subequal to the blade), slender, minutely stellate pubescent; lamina 6-20 x 9-20 cm, broadly orbicular, base cordate or truncate, apex shortly acuminate, margin entire or crenate; coiaceous, minutely stellate hairy above, densely stellate, tomentose beneath; 7-9 nerves from the base, palmate, prominent, with a linear nectary at the base of main 1-5 nerves beneath, lateral nerves 5-7 pairs pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers bisexual, yellow, axillary, solitary or in terminal racemes; pedicels 5-30 mm long, club-shaped, stout, minutely stellate-pubescent; involucellar bracts 12 mm long, cupular, segments 7-12, triangular to lanceolate, divided to the middle, densely stellate pubescent outside, sericeous within; calyx 15-20 mm long, campanulate, 5-fid or parted below the middle, the lobes lanceolate-acute, densely stellate-pubescent, with nectary medially positioned on midrib of each lobe (nectaries sometimes absent); corolla yellow with or without a red centre changing to pink, softly stellate-tomentose, 6-8 cm across; petals 5, obovate; staminal column 25-30 mm long, glabrous, surrounded by 5 triangular teeth, antheriiferous throughout; filaments 1-3 mm long; anthers reniform; ovary superior, ovoid, obscurely 5-angled; styles emergent from staminal column, glandular hairy; stigmas 5, capitate, purplish. Fruit a capsule, 1.5-2 x 1.5-2 cm, subglobose or slightly obovoid, subequal to calyx, densely pubescent with yellowish or brownish, pericarp thin, mesocarp fibrous, 5-locular; seeds many, reniform, blackish-brown, papillose.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Along streamside and banks of tidal streams and mangrove forests, also grown as live fence
  Distribution: Pantropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Pambavalley, Tiruvalla, Taliparamba, Champakulam
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