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  Tainia bicornis
 
  Family: ORCHIDACEAE
  Citation:  Tainia bicornis (Lindl.) Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5: 54. 1857; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 820. 1890; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1427(998). 1928; Abraham & Vatsala, Introd. Orchids 290. 1981; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 306. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 493. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 471. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 27. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 455. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 330. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 439. 1998; Sathish in Manoharan et al., Silent Valley-Whispers Reason 211. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 696. 2002; Sathish & Manilal, Orchid Memories 224. 2004; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 851. 2009. Ainia bicornis Lindl., Bot. Reg. 28: 37. 1842. Ania latifolia Wight, Ic. 3:10. t. 914. 1844-45, non Lindl. 1831.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Terrestrial herbs, to 50 cm high, with ovoid conical pseudobulb, 8-10 x 1-2 cm. Leaves solitary, 10-20 x 6-7 cm, elliptic-oblong, acuminate, with 10-20 cm long petiole. Flowers greenish yellow, in 30-60 cm long, few-flowered raceme, from the base of pseudobulb; dorsal sepal linear-lanceolate, obtuse, 3-4-veined; lateral sepals subfalcately linear-lanceolate, obtuse, 3-5-veined; petals linear-lanceolate, falcate, subacute, 3-7-veined; lip 18 x 1-9 mm, 3-lobed; lateral lobes ovate, obtuse; midlobe, obcordate or emarginate; disc with 3 parallel ridges.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-December
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 800-1200
  Localities: Sholayar, Rosemala, Kallar, Mlappara, Valiyaparathode, Kunthipuzha dam site area, Chemungi, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
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