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  Tabernaemontana divaricata
  Citation:  Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R. Br. in Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 4: 427. 1819; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 166. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 42. 1990; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 425(a); M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 294. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 216. 1995; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 315. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 526. 2009. Nerium divaricatum L., Sp. Pl. 209. 1753. Tabernaemontana coronaria (Jacq.) Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 275. 1809; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 436. 2009. Nerium coronarium Jacq., Coll. Bot. 1: 138. 1786. Ervatamia coronaria (Jacq.) Stapf in Dyer, Fl. Trop. Africa 4: 127. 1902; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 813(571). 1923. Ervatamia divaricata (L.) Burkill, Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 10: 320. 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 255. 1984.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattampale, Nandiyar-vattom, Nandiya-vartham
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): East India rosebay
  Description: Shrubs or small trees, bark pale grey-brown, rather deeply longitudinally fissured, lenticellate. Leaves opposite, pairs equal or unequal, elliptic or narrowly elliptic, 3-18 x 1-6 cm, acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base or decurrent into the petiole; lateral nerves 5-17 pairs, tertiary venation inconspicuous, more or less reticulate; petiole glabrous, 3-10 mm long. Inflorescence1-30 flowered, rather lax; peduncle glabrous, 0.5-8 cm long; pedicels glabrous, 3-20 mm long; bracts scale-like, about 1 mm long, more or less persistent. Flowers fragrant. Sepals pale green, 2-3.5 x1-2 mm, connate at the base, ovate, or sometimes narrowly ovate, rounded, obtuse or sometimes acute, often ciliate, glabrous outside, glabrous inside and with 1-4 colleters in 1 row. Corolla white, often with a yellow throat, lobes obliquely elliptic or obovate, more or less falcate, 15-27 x 8-20 mm, rounded, spreading. Stamens from below mouth of corolla tube, inserted 0.25-0.33 of the length of the corolla tube; filaments short, 0.5-1 mm long, filiform, glabrous; anthers narrowly oblong, apex obtuse or acute. Ovary ovoid, gradually narrowed into 4.5-8 mm long filiform style; ovules approximately 20 in each carpel. Fruit of 2 separate mericarps, orange, red or less often green, obliquely and narrowly ellipsoid, 20-70 x 6-15 x 6-15 mm, acuminate or apiculate at the apex, with 2 clear or faint lateral, slightly torulose when dried; seeds 2-10, aril deep orange or red.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Mostly cultivated as garden plant
  Distribution: Native of Southern Himalayas
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Rockwood, Portland

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