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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
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  Tabernaemontana alternifolia
 
  Family: APOCYNACEAE
  Citation:  Tabernaemontana alternifolia L., Sp. Pl. 211.1753; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 423. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 418. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 445. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 313. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 431. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 524. 2009. Tabernaemontana heyneana Wall., Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1273. 1829; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 646. 1882; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 166. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 255. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 230. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 243. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 283. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 295. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 217. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 9,29; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 283. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 205. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 245. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 191. 2002. Ervatamia heyneana (Wall.) Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 2:134.1904; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 813(572).1923; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 277. 1988.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kundalappala, Kunninpala, Kuruttupala, Koonampala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees, to 8 m high; bark corky with shallow fissures, latex milky. Leaves simple, opposite, 13-18 x 4-7 cm, elliptic-oblong, apex acuminate, base acute, lateral nerves 12-15 pairs, intercostae reticulate; petiole 2 cm long. Cymes terminal or axillary; peduncles to 4 cm long. Flowers pedicellate. Calyx 4 mm long, lobes short, oblong, obtuse. Corolla white, tube cylindric, 25 mm long, dialated at mouth, villous inside; lobes 15 mm long, oblong, obtuse, apex crisped. Stamens included; anthers sagitate at base, linear. Carpels distinct. Follicles yellow, 5 x 1.5 cm, beak acuminate; aril red.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-October
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also in sacred groves
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Near Threatened (NT)
  Altitude: 400-700
  Localities: Vellanimala, Vazhachal, Choodal, Chenthamara, Poonkavanam, Puliyala, Ranni, Cheruvathur, Kumbla, Taliparamba, Kannoth, Tirunalli, Chembukkavu, Kalliassey, Mukkali forests, Kasaragod, Nedumkayam, Kulathupuzha, Thenmalai, Rockwood, Ariankavu, Thekekara, Bo
   
 
   
 
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