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  Syzygium travancoricum
 
  Family: MYRTACEAE
  Citation:  Syzygium travancoricum Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1918: 240. 1918 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 480(339). 1919; N.C. Nair & Mohanan, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 2: 234. 1981; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 182. 1984; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 192. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 185. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 125. 1997; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 365. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 219. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 288. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Poriyal, Vathamkollimaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 25 m high, bark surface greyish-brown, longitudinally fissured, peeling off in thin irregular flakes, inner bark grey; branchlets tetragonus. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 10-20 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 8-16.5 x 5-8.5 cm, ovate or ovate-oblong, base narrowed and decurrent on petiole, apex acuminate, acumen folded, obtuse, margin entire, chartaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 10-15 pairs, parallel but very irregular, distant, prominent, looped near the margin forming indistinct intramarginal nerve, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, white, mostly in axillary lax cymose corymbose; peduncle 4.5-5 (8) cm long, their branches also long, ascending; calyx tube short, 1 mm across, lobes 4, very short; no thickened staminal disc; petals white, calyptrate; stamens numerous, free, bent inwards at middle when in bud; ovary inferior, 2-celled, ovules many; style 1; stigma simple. Fruit a berry, oblong-obtuse on both sides, 1 x 0.5 cm, deep violet, pericarp juicy; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-June
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Ernakulam
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Critically Endangered (CR)
  Altitude: 75-1500
  Localities: Vazhachal, Kattalappara, Mananthavady, Ontangadi, Kulathupuzha, Aikdau, Merchiston, Chavara, Thamarakulam
   
 
   
 
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