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  Syzygium cumini var. cumini
 
  Family: MYRTACEAE
  Citation:  Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels, U. S. DA. Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull. 248: 2. 1912, var. cumini; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 107. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 180. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 104. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 181. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 160. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 250. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 199. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 188. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 24. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 181. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 122. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 61. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 262. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 137. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 128. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 120. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 261. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 216. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 287. 2009. Myrtus cumini L., Sp. Pl. 471. 1753. Eugenia jambolana Lam., Encycl. 3: 198. 1789; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 499. 1879. Syzygium jambolanum (Lam.) DC., Prodr. 3: 259. 1828; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 481(340). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Njara, Njaval, Perinnaral, Valiyanjaval
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Black plum, Jambu, Jambol, Jaman, Java plum, Naval, Neredu
  Description: Medium sized trees; bark white, light pink inside. Leaves to 18 x 8 cm, ovate, oblong, long-acuminate at apex, acute at base; nerves many, close, shining above; petiole 1.5-2 cm long. Panicles to 10 cm across, on leafless branchlets. Flowers 6-9 mm across, subsessile; calyx tube 3 mm broad, turbinate; filaments 7 mm long. Berry 10 x 7 mm, obovoid, deep blue.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Sholayar, Ponmudi, Thrissur, Choodal, Olikkudy, Karimutty, Ichampetty, Vallakkadavu, Chenthamara, Umikuppan, Parambikulam, Karimala, Damsite, Kakki hills, Tirunalli, Nedumpoyil, Aralam, Nemakad, Chinnakanal, Bhavani river bank, Dhoni R. F., Karappa, Kunt
   
 
   
 
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