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  Syzygium caryophyllatum
 
  Family: MYRTACEAE
  Citation:  Syzygium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6: (Suppl.) 116. 1931; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 107. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 179. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 158. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 181. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 160. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 249. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 188. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 121. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 61. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 262. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 260. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 215. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 287. 2009. Myrtus caryophyllata L., Sp. Pl. 472. 1753. Syzygium caryophyllaeum sensu Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 480(339).1919, non Gaertn. 1788. Eugenia caryophyllaea Wight, Ic. t. 540. 1842; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 490. 1878.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cherujara, Kani, Karinjara, Njara, Pottinjaval
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 6 m high; bark thick, reddish-brown; branchlets terete. Leaves simple, opposite, 3-8 x 1.3-3.5 cm, obovate or obovate-oblong, apex obtuse, obtusely acute or emarginate, base attenuate or acute, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous, brown on drying, pellucid-dotted; petiole upto 3 mm long, stout, glabrous; lateral nerves many, close, slender, prominent looped at the margin forming intramarginal nerve; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, white, 5 mm across, in terminal corymbose cymes, inflorescence branches moderately thick, ascending. Calyx tube 2-2.5 mm long, turbinate, no thick disc. Petals calyptrate. Stamens numerous, bent inwards at the middle when in bud, 2.5-3.5 mm long. Ovary inferior, 2-celled, ovules many; style 1; stigma simple. Fruit a berry, 5 mm across globose, black.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Western Ghats and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-800
  Localities: Pongumala, Kuruva Island, Ontangadi, Kodumon, Chandanathode, Cheruvathur, Kakkayangad, Kannavam, Manjeswar, Payyanur, Periyarum, Vandanam, Arikode, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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