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  Swietenia mahagoni
 
  Family: MELIACEAE
  Citation:  Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. 20. 1760; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 187(134). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 111. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 97. 1985; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 112. 1994; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 113. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 59. 1995; S.S. Jain & S.S.R. Bennet in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 525. 1997; N.C. Nair & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 661. 2005. Cedrela mahagoni L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 940. 1759.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Mahogany, West indian mahogany
  Description: Trees to 25 m tall; trunk to 4 m across; bark deeply fissured. Leaves alternate, to 18 cm long; leaflets ca 5 pairs, oblong-lanceolate, falcate, oblique at base, entire at margin, acuminate at apex, coriaceous, glabrous above, puberulous beneath; petioles to 3 cm long; petiolules 5-6 mm long. Panicles to 10 cm long; peduncles to 4 cm long. Flowers ca 7 mm across. Calyx lobes 5, ovate, ca 2 mm long, pubescent. Petals 5, obovate, hooded, ca 5 x 2 mm, spreading, pubescent outside, cream-yellow. Staminal tube cupular, ca 3 mm long, glabrous, 10-lobed; anthers 10, included, alternating with lobes. Ovary 5-loculed; style narrow, tapering, to 2 mm long. Capsules oblong, ca 7 x 5.5 cm; seeds ca 6 x 1.5 cm, winged.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-November
  District(s): Kasaragode, Kollam, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as avenue tree
  Distribution: Native of West Indies and Central America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Parappa, Dhoni R. F., Mukkali forests, Mulleria
   
 
   
 
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