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  Strychnos potatorum
 
  Family: LOGANIACEAE
  Citation:  Strychnos potatorum L.f., Suppl. Pl. 148. 1781; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 90. 1883; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 868(610). 1923; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 296. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 201. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 199. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chillam, Kadakam, Thettamaram, Thettamparel
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Clearing nut tree
  Description: Trees, to 12 m high, bark 10-12 mm thick, brownish-black, rough, corky with deep and narrow vertical cracks; blaze creamy yellow. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 2-8 mm, glabrous; lamina 5-15 x 3.5-7.5 cm, elliptic, ovate, elliptic-ovate, base obtuse or round, apex acute, margin entire, glabrous, shiny, chartaceous; nerves 3-5 from the base, lateral nerves from the midrib 4 pairs, glabrous; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white, 0.85 cm long, in short axillary cymes, 6-8 mm long; pedicel 2 mm; calyx lobes 5, small; corolla 3.5 mm across, salver shaped, hairy within, tube cylindric, lobes 5, longer than tube; stamens 5, inserted on the corolla tube; anthers 2-celled, introrse; ovary 1 mm, superior, glabrous, ovules one in each cell; style glabrous; stigma obscurely 2 lobed. Fruit a berry, 16-18 mm across, globose, black, pericarp hard; seeds 1-2, 10-12 mm across, turgid, round, compressed, yellowish.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Chinnar, Kuchimudi, Walayar
   
 
   
 
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