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  Strombosia ceylanica
 
  Family: OLACACEAE
  Citation:  Strombosia ceylanica Gard., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 6: 350. 1846; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 579. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 191(137). 1915; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 101. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 63. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 63. 1998; Uniyal in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 14. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 60. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 122. 2005; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 677. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 214. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kalkadambu, Kalmanikkam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 25 m high, bark 3-4 mm thick, smooth, greenish-grey mottled with green, with shallow annular depression; blaze deep pink-red, lamellate with concentric lighter striations; branches drooping; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate, 8-18 x 3.5-6 cm, oblong-lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, bapex acute or acuminate, ase obtuse, acute or round, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, lower surface papillate, nerves 3 from the base; petiole 10-15 mm, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae subscalariform, obscure. Flowers bisexual, 1.5-2 mm across, greenish-white, in axillary cymes; pedicels 1.5 mm long. Calyx 1 mm long, cupular, accrescent, 5-lobed. Petals 5, 2.5 x 1 mm, free, oblong, ovate, tomentose inside. Stamens 5, opposite the petals and adnate to them, anthers introrse. Ovary imperfectly 4-5-celled, surrounded by a lobed disc, ovules 4-5, pendulous; style short. Fruit a drupe 2.5 cm long, pyriform, deep purple rugose, surrounded by the remains of calyx lobes and style; stone crustaceous; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vellanimala, Chimmini, Vazhani, Kattalappara, Kulathupuzha, Pamba, Parambikulam, Gurunadhan mannu, Kokkathode
   
 
   
 
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