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  Sterculia guttata
 
  Family: STERCULIACEAE
  Citation:  Sterculia guttata Roxb. ex DC., Prodr. 1: 482.1824; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1:355.1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 106(76). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 51. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 95. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 33. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 69. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 82. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 81. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 91. 1990; K.C. Malick in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 462. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 88. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 41. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 12. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 70. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 43. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 103. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 37. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 42. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 34. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 111. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 96. 2005; V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 472. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 139. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 166. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aanathondimaram, Kavalam, Kithondi, Narukorumban, Peenari, Potta-kavalam, Thondi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 20 m high; bole straight; bark 15-25 mm thick, greyish-brownish, smooth, exfoliating in thin scales; branchlets stellate-tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, 12-25 x 6-15 cm, broadly ovate-oblong, ovate or broadly obovate-oblong, apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate, base obtuse, subcordate or truncate, margin entire, glabrous above, stellate-tomentose beneath, coriaceous; 3-5-ribbed from base, prominent, lateral nerves 5-7 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent; petiole 25-50 mm long stout, swollen at both ends, stellate-tomentose; stipules lateral, ensiform, cauducous. Flowers polygamous, white, dotted with pink, arranged in simple cymes of 3, also on peduncle of short rusty-pubescent axillary racemes; bracts lanceolate. Calyx greenish out side, reddish inside, campanulate, clothed with stellate hairs, united to middle; lobes 5, acute, ultimately reflexed. Petals absent. Male flowers: staminal column recurved, anthers 10-12 arranged at tip, column hairy at apex; bisexual flowers: ovary 5, free, superior, globose, strigose with stellate hairs; gynophore stout, round; style stout, deflexed. Fruit an aggregate of 1-5 radiating follicles, obovoid, red tomentose, smooth and pink within; seeds ovoid, black, smooth, shining.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, Purple, Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-750
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Palapetty, Swamikkayam, Aruvikkara, Sangili, Kulathupuzha, Karimala, Damsite, Pathenthode, Aruvanpara, Ranni, Pallivasal, Periya, Mukkali forests, Pothundy, Thamarakulam, Nedumkayam, Vadapuram, Machiri, Thenmalai, Kulathupuzha, Atta
   
 
   
 
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