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  Sterculia balanghas
 
  Family: STERCULIACEAE
  Citation:  Sterculia balanghas L., Sp. Pl. 1007. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 358. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 106(76). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 95. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 82. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 87, Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 96. 2005; V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 471. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 139. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Narthondi, Pavizhathondi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 18 m high, bole buttressed; bark grey, smooth, exfoliating in thin round flakes; branchlets tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules free, lateral, cauducous; petiole 10-45 mm, pubescent, swollen at base, swollen tipped; lamina 8-17.5 x 5-11 cm, elliptic, obovate, oblong, elliptic-ovate or oblong-ovate, base subcordate or round, apex acuminate, margin entire, chartaceous, glabrescent above, stellate hairy to velvety beneath. Flowers unisexual or polygamous, yellow or greenish-purple, in terminal or axillary panicles, 15 cm long, rusty tomentose; pedicels long; calyx 2 mm long, campanulate, tube 4 mm long, stellate hairs outside, densely along margins, hispid inside, 5-fid, teeth narrow, in curved, connivent; male flowers: staminal column with a group of anthers at the tip; female flowers: carpels 5, free, superior; stigma recurved; as long as styles. Fruit of 4-5, woody follicles, horizontally spreading, to 8 cm long, orange-red, oblong, rusty tomentose; seeds oblong, black, shiny.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-August
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also sacred groves in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Adoor, Neyyar, Aroor, Kadakarapally
   
 
   
 
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