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  Stemodia verticillata
 
  Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
  Citation:  Stemodia verticillata (Mill.) Sprague, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1921: 211. 1921; Ramach. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 5: 939. 1984; Sivar. & Babu, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 5: 942. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 320. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 540. 1990; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 511. 2009. Erinus verticillatus Mill., Gard. Dict. (ed.8) no.5. 1768. Stemodia parviflora Ait.f., Hort. Kew (ed. 2) 2: 52. 1810.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annual herb. Stem tufted, erect, up to 14 cm high, much branched, densely hirsute. Lower leaves opposite, upper ones in verticils of 3, broadly ovate, 0.7-1.5 x 0.4-1.4 cm, truncate at base, subacute at apex, coarsely crenate-serrate, penninerved, punctate above, scabrid along nerves beneath; petioles 3-10 mm long, densely and minutely glandular-hispid. Flowers axillary, solitary. Pedicels 1 mm long. Calyx lobes subequal, linear-lanceolate, 2.5-3.5 x 0.6 mm, acuminate at apex, minutely glandular-hispid without. Corolla 5.5 mm long; tube cylindric, 3-4 mm long, minutely glandular pilose without, pale green, with longitudinal dull purple lines; upper lip 2- lobed at apex, with clavate hairs at base; lower lip 2 mm across, with obovate-orbicular lobes, midlobe broader than lateral ones. Filaments glabrous, anterior pair 1.5-2 mm long, posterior pair shorter; posterior anther-cells unequally paired. Style short; stigma bent. Capsule orbicular, 2.5-3 x 3 mm, biconvex, shorter than calyx, glabrous, 4-valved; seeds cuneiform, 0.5 mm long, truncate at both ends, longitudinally ribbed, reticulate in between ribs, dark brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kannur, Malappuram, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Banks of rivers, streams, etc.
  Distribution: Native of Tropical America; now Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Begur, Calicut University, S.L. Puram
   
 
   
 
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