Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Spilanthes ciliata
 
  Family: ASTERACEAE/COMPOSITAE
  Citation:  Spilanthes ciliata HBK, Nov. Gen. & Sp. Pl. 4: 621. 1836; Sivar. et al., Anci. Sci. of Life 3: 171. 1984; Sivar. & Remesan, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 10: 145. 1987; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 380. 1990; H.J. Chowdhery in Hajra et al., Fl. India 12: 409. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 254. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 178. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 378. 1997; Joseph, Aquatic Angiosp. Malabar 52. 1991; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 288. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 390. 2009. Acmella ciliata (HBK) Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 24: 331. 1822.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kuppamaniyan, Pallu-vedana-chedi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Diffuse herbs rooting at lower nodes; stem terete. Leaves simple,opposite, 7 x 4 cm, ovate, base rounded or subcordate, margins serrate, apex acute; petiole 1-2.5 cm long. Heads rayed, axillary, usually solitary, rarely 2-3 in each axil, c. 1 cm across, subglobose, turning conical, yellow; peduncle 3-8 cm long. Involucral bracts 2-seriate, shorter than ray florets, inner series narrower and smaller, up to 6 x 2 mm, elliptic, subacute. Palea c. 3 mm long, boat-shaped, concave, obtuse, keeled. Ray florets 8-12, female, ligulate; corolla tube c. 1 mm long, limb 3-lobed; pappus of 3 awns, deciduous; achenes trigonous, black, strongly margined and ciliate along the margins. Disc florets many, biusexual; pappus of 2 unequal bristles; corolla tube c. 2 mm long, lobes much shorter than the tube; achenes c. 2 x 0.5 mm, oblong, truncate at apex, laterally compressed, black, stronglyt margined, ciliate along the margins.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Wet or marshy areas
  Distribution: Neotropics of the world; now naturalised in Western Peninsular India
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Sholayar, Puthukulam, Punnamada, Karuvarakundu
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters