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  Sphenodesme paniculata
  Citation:  Sphenodesme paniculata Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 600. 1842; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1104(773). 1924,p.p; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 315. 1984; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 360. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 355. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 244. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 314. 1998. Sphenodesme involucrata (Pers.) Roxb. var. paniculata (Clarke) Munir, Gard. Bull. Singapore 21: 338. 1966; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 393. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Arambodal, Njarambodal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Climbing or scandent shrubs, branchlets sub-tetragonous, canescent. Leaves to 14 x 8 cm, broadly elliptic, acute, base obtuse or acute, entire, glabrous above and tomentose below, nerves 6-8 pairs, prominent, nervules reticulate; petiole 1.5 cm long. Panicles terminal, golden-brown tomentose, 20-30 cm long; involucral bracts 6, obovate, obtuse, subequal, to 2.5 x 1 cm. Flowers 5-15 together; calyx densely tomentose, 6 mm long, 3-6-lobed, lobes ovate, acute; corolla white, 1 cm long, funnel-shaped, 5 or 6-lobed, lobes oblong, tomentose; stamens 5 or 6, included; ovary 2-celled, ovule 2 in each cell, style short, stigma 2-lobed. Drupe globose, enclosed by the calyx, 12-seeded.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Thrissur, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests, also in sacred groves
  Distribution: South India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: South India
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Poringal, Kattalappara, Kulathupuzha, Koruthode, Parakode, Kallar
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