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  Sphaeranthus indicus
 
  Family: ASTERACEAE/COMPOSITAE
  Citation:  Sphaeranthus indicus L., Sp. Pl. 927. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 275. 1881, p. p; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 692(487). 1921; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 151. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 215. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 254. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 220. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 378. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 255. 1990; S. Kumar in Hajra et al., Fl. India 13: 160. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 253. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 377. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 209. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 287. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 389. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 479. 2009. Sphaeranthus hirtus Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 2395. 1802.
  Malayalam Name(s): Adakkyamaniyan, Mangachedi, Meeranganni, Mundari-Mundi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian globe flower, East Indian globe thistle
  Description: Diffuse aromatic herbs; stems with toothed wings. Leaves alternate, 3-4 x 1-2 cm, oblanceolate, obtuse at apex, decurrent to stem at base, spinulose serrate, hispid. Heads in globose spikes, numerous, densely packed; spikes to 1 cm across, peduncles winged; bracts 2-types, basal bracts of the spike ovate, obtuse; bracts of each head lanceolate, ciliate. Flowers two types, few; outer female, inner bisexual, all tubular; corolla 5-lobed, pink; lobes acute; anthers tailed at base. Achenes angular, glabrous; pappus absent.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Lake shores, paddy fields, etc.
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia, Australia and Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Thekkady, Enathu, Payyavur, Thiruvizhamkunnu, Walayar, Panangotteri, Edathwa, Cherupuzha
   
 
   
 
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