Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Sonneratia caseolaris
 
  Family: SONNERATIACEAE
  Citation:  Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl. in Engl. & Prantl, Nachtr. 261. 1897; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 515(364). 1919; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 190. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 168. 1985; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 203. 1994; Anupama & Sivad., Rheedea 14: 41. 2004; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 309. 2009. Rhizophora caseolaris L. in Stickman, Herb. Amboin. 13. 1754 p.p. Sonneratia acida L.f., Suppl. Pl. 252. 1781; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 573. 1879.
  Malayalam Name(s): Apple kandal, Blatti, Chakkarakandal, Puzhamunja, Thirala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Apple Mangrove, Crabapple mangrove
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 8 m high; pneumatophores 1 m long and 6 cm diameter, straight, stout, corky, conical, brownish grey or orange-coloured, outer thin layer flaky; bark brown, cracked; branchlets pendulous; angled, greenish-brown, glabrous; nodes swollen with 2 lateral pair of circular glands. Leaves simple, opposite-decussate, estipulate; petiole 5-10 mm long, stout, red, glabrous; lamina 4-11 x 3.5-6.5 cm, broadly ovate or broadly elliptic, base cuneate, apex mucronate, emarginate or obtuse, glabrous, coriaceous, thick, slightly fleshy, green; lateral veins 10-15 pairs, parallel, looped near the margin forming intramarginal nerve, slender, obscure, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, pink, 6 x 5-7 cm, terminal, solitary; bracts rudimentary, in conspicuous; pedicel 5-10 mm long, quadrangular, glabrous; calyx green outside, white within, calyx cup 1.8 x 2 cm, smooth, glabrous, enclosing the basal portion of the pistil; lobes 6, 2 x 1 cm, oblong, elliptic, acute, greenish outside, purplish-white within, thick, coriaceous, glabrous, persistent; petals 6, 2 x 0.2 cm, free, purple to violet red, acuminate, apex wrinkled and coiled, membranous, glabrous, cauducous; stamens many, free, inflexed in bud, inserted in several rows on the terminal raised rim of the calyx cup, conspicuous, cauducous; filaments upto 4.2 cm long, reddish below, white above, thread like, anthers reniform, medifixed, bilobed; ovary 1 cm across, globose, white, many celled, ovules many in each cell; style coiled in bud, to 6 cm, white, terete; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe, 7 cm across, globose, slightly flattened, calyx lobes horizontal, pericarp smooth, glabrous; seeds many, embedded in the fleshy pulp of the placenta, angular with rough surface.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kottayam, Ernakulam, Kozhikkode, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along backwaters and mangrove forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and Australia
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet, Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kumbla, Payyanur, Kasaragod, Perumbalam
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online