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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Solanum violaceum ssp. violaceum
 
  Family: SOLANACEAE
  Citation:  Solanum violaceum Ortega, Nov. Pl. Descr. Dec. 56. 1798, ssp. violaceum; Hepper in Dassan. & Fosb., Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6: 378. 1987; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 190. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 504. 1990; Matthew, Kew Bull. 46: 545. 1991; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 352. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 487. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 574. 2009. Solanum anguivi auct. non Lam.: Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 274. 1989; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 278. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 310. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 318. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 321. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 243. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 317. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 220. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 464. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 272. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 218. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 212. 2002. Solanum indicum Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 234. 1883, non L. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 938(658). 1923.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chunda, Cheruchunda, Cheruvazhuthina, Puthirichunda, Kandamullu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Poison berry, Indian nightshade
  Description: Armed undershrubs, up to 1.5 m tall; branches minutely stellate-hairy on young parts, glabrate when mature. Leaves 5-12 x 4-7 cm, ovate or ovate-oblong, sinuately to deeply lobed, apex subacute,base rounded or unequal, sparsely stellate-hairy above, stellate-woolly beneath, prickly on the nerves; petiole to 2.5 cm long. Flowers bluish-violet in extra-axillary racemes; peduncle c. 4 cm long; pedicel to 8 mm long. Calyx cupular; lobes 5, c. 5 mm long, triangular, prickly. Corolla to 2 cm across, campanulate. Stamens 5; anthers c. 5 mm long. Ovary 2 mm across, globose; stigma acute. Berry 0.8-1.3 cm across, globose; orange yellow when ripe.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Pallippara, Parambikulam, Pandalam, Tolpetty, Tirunalli, Elangad, Attapady block-Mukkali, Muthikulam forests, Mukkali forests, Anavayee forests, Ambalapuzha, Punnapuzha, Vazhikadavu-Gudalloor roadside, Rockwood
   
 
   
 
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