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  Smilax aspera
 
  Family: SMILACACEAE
  Citation:  Smilax aspera L., Sp. Pl. 1028. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 306. 1892; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1518(1060). 1928; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 322. 1988; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 85. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 458. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 316. 1999. Smilax maculata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 796. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chennarvalli, Pomburikodi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Climbing shrubs, stems prickly. Leaves to 8 x 6 cm, broadly ovate, acuminate, base broadly cordate, coriaceous, margins crispate, 5-9 nerved; petiole twisted, to 2 cm, sheath reduced, tendrils axillary from the very base, coiled. Umbels sessile on axillary racemes. flowers unisexual; male flowers-perianth lobes 3 mm, lanceolate; filaments 1.2 mm, anthers 1 mm.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: India, Sri Lanka, South Europe and North Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Olikkudy, Vellimala, Kanthaloor forests, Sispara
   
 
   
 
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