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  Shorea roxburghii
 
  Family: DIPTEROCARPACEAE
  Citation:  Shorea roxburghii G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 813. 1831; Tewary & Sarkar, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 11: 104. 1987; K.P. Janardh. in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 239. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 32. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 24. 2002; K.P. Janardh. & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 369. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 142. 2009. Shorea talura Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 618. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 304. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 83(60). 1915. Vatica laccifera Wight & Arn., Prodr. 84.1834. Shorea laccifera (Wight & Arn.) Heyne ex Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 6. 1869.
  Malayalam Name(s): Jal, Thalooram, Varangi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Lac tree, Taloora Lac tree
  Description: Trees, to 25 m, bark brownish to greyish-brown, longitudinally fissured, blaze creamy-yellow, fibrous; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate; stipule large, coriaceous; petiole 10-25 mmlong, stout, glabrous, lamina 6-18 x 3.5-9 cm, elliptic, oblong, elliptic-ovate, elliptic-oblong or elliptic lanceolate, base round or subcordate, apex obtuse or emarginate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 12-16 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae scalariform, faint. Flowers bisexual, light pink, 10-13 mm long, in drooping axillary and terminal panicles; pedicels to 5 mm; sepals 5; 3 lobes much enlarged than the other 2, basally connate, ovate-lanceolate, glabrous, accrescent, imbricate; petals 5, oblong, densely villous without; stamens 15; filaments to 1 mm; anthers 1.5 mm, linear; connectives appendaged, to 1.5 mm; ovary superior, globose, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style to 4 mm; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit a capsule, enclosed within accrescent sepals; wings oblong, unequal, 4-7 cm, prominently nerved; seed solitary, obovoid 7 x 4 mm.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Palapetty, Karimutty, Anappadi
   
 
   
 
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