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  Semecarpus auriculata
 
  Family: ANACARDIACEAE
  Citation:  Semecarpus auriculata Bedd., Ic. t. 187. 1868-1874; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 32. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 267(190). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 130. 1984; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 81. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 84. 1998; D. Chandra & S.K. Mukh. in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 502. 2000; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 185. 2002; V. Chandra. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 816. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 256. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vellacheru, Charei, Charu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 25 m high, bark 5-6 mm thick, greyish-brown, smooth; blaze red; exudation watery, turns black on drying. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered at apex, estipulate; petiole 2-7 mm, stout, glabrous; lamina 10-28 x 1.7-6.7 cm, oblanceolate, base auriculate, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 13-17 pairs, parallel, ascending, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers small, polygamous; male flowers yellow and female flowers green, inconspicuous, in axillary glabrous panicles; calyx cupular; lobes 4-5, deciduous; petals 5, sometimes 4 in male flowers, 5 in bisexual flowers, ovate, glabrous; disc annular, broad; stamens 5, inserted outside the disc; filaments filiform, glabrous, in bisexual flowers shorter than petals, in male flowers, as long as or longer than petals; anthers oblong; ovary superior, glabrous, 1-celled, ovule pendulous from a basal funicle; styles 3, divergent. Fruit a drupe, 18 x 12 mm, fleshy, obliquely ovoid, seated on a fleshy cup like receptacle, black, pericarp thick, loaded with acrid resin; seed pendulous.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Near Threatened (NT)
  Altitude: 600-1000
  Localities: Kallar, Moolakkayam, Rosemala, Puthussery, Koruthode, Moozhiar, Appuppanthode, Karamanayar region, Athirumala, Meenmutty, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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