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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Semecarpus anacardium
 
  Family: ANACARDIACEAE
  Citation:  Semecarpus anacardium L. f., Suppl. Pl. 182. 1781; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 30. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 266(190). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 130. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 139. 1990; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 114. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 129. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 81. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 124. 1996; D. Chandra & S.K. Mukh. in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 500. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 80. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 185. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 148. 2005; V. Chandra. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 816. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 256. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Alakkucheru, Cherkuru, Cheru, Cherumaram, Perkuru, Sambiri, Temprakku, Thenkotta
  Tamil name(s): Bhallatak
  English name(s): Marking nut tree, Oriental cashew
  Description: Trees, to 12 m high, bark 5-6 mm thick, grey to greyish-brown with tessellate scales, furrows longitudinal and horizontal; blaze dull red; exudation acrid. Leaves simple, alternate, crowded at end of branchlets, estipulate; petiole 20-45 mm long, stout, pubescent; lamina 15-50 x 10-15 cm, obovate-oblong, elliptic-oblong or obovate, base acute, obtuse, round or truncate, apex obtuse, round or emarginate, margin entire, glabrous above, puberulent and glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 10-20 pairs, parallel, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers polygamous, greenish-yellow, 6-8 mm across, in terminal pubescent panicles; calyx lobes 5, ovate, margin ciliate, imbricate, deciduous; petals 5, imbricate; disc broad, annular, villous; stamens 5 inserted below the disc; filaments filiform, glabrous, in male flowers as long as or longer than petals, in female flowers shorter than petals; anthers oblong; ovary superior, densely villous, 1-celled, ovule pendulous from a basal funicle; styles 3, divergent. Fruit a drupe, 2-5 cm long, fleshy, purplish-black, seated on an orange hypocarp as long as the drupe, pericarp rich in corrosive resinous juice; seed pendulous.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Africa, Indo-Malesia, China and Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Anappadi, Kuruva Island, Pathanamthitta, Attapady block-Mukkali, Dhoni R. F., Boneccord, Ariankavu, Thenmalai, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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