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  Seidenfadeniella filiformis
 
  Family: ORCHIDACEAE
  Citation:  Seidenfadeniella filiformis (Rchb.f.) Christm. & Ormerod. in Matthew, Fl. Palni Hills S. India 3: 1258. 1999; Sathish & Manilal, Orchid Memories 218. 2004; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 847. 2009. Saccolabium filiforme Rchb.f., Walp. Ann. 6: 887. 1864. Sarcanthus filiformis Wight, Ic. t.1684.1851, non Lindl. 1842. Saccolabium filiforme Lindl. ex Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 56. 1890,p.p; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1446(1010). 1928. Schoenorchis filiformis (Wight) Schltr., Feddes Repert. 1:986.1913; Abraham & Vatsala, Introd. Orchids 475. 1981; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 304. 1988; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 40.1996. Schoenorchis juncifolia Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 304. 1864, non Blume 1825. Saccolabium chrysanthum Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6: 277. 1931. Schoenorchis chrysantha (Alston) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23: 22. 1972. Seidenfadeniella chrysantha (Alston) Sathish in Sathish & Manilal, Cat. Indian Orch. 47. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 40. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 82. 1998; Muktesh, Epiphytic Fl. Western Ghats 119. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 437. 1998. Saccolabium filiforme Lindl. ex Hook.f. var. pulneyensis Fyson, Fl. Pulney Nilghiri Hill tops 1: 396 & 2: 250. 1915.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Pendulous epiphytes, to 30 cm long, stem woody, terete, green. Leaves 10-11, terete, linear, acute. Flowers orange-yellow, in 5-6 cm long, erect, dense axillary racemes; bracts 1.5 x 1.2 mm, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate; dorsal sepal oblong, acute, serrulate, 3-veined; lateral sepals falcately oblanceolate, 1-veined; petals orbicular or broadly elliptic-oblong, rounded, 3-veined; lip 7 x 1.5-4 mm, 3-lobed, lateral lobes rounded, orbicular; midlobe ovate, acute, papillate, deflexed; spur 5.5 x 1-2 mm, inflated, laterally compressed, rounded at base, thickened on backwall; column short and broad; foot 0; pollinia 2, entire.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-September
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): Yes
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Orange, Red, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 200-2500
  Localities: Kottamala, Sispara, Munnar, Devicolam, Umaiyamalai near Devicolam
   
 
   
 
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