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  Scolopia crenata
  Citation:  Scolopia crenata (Wight & Arn.) Clos, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 4, 8: 250. 1857; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 191. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 52(38). 1915; Sleumer, Blumea 20: 39. 1972; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 74. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 50. 1988; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 12. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 62. 1990; R.L. Mitra in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 430. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 62. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 12. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 23,31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 46. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 61. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 19. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 23. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 17. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 75. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 59. 2005; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 278. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 124. 2009. Phoberos crenatus Wight & Arn., Prodr. 29. 1834.
  Malayalam Name(s): Charalu, Cherakanji, Kakkamaram, Mullaramaram, Mullukara, Saralamaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 15 m high, armed with thorns, spines often branched; bark greyish-brown, flaking off in irregular thick scales; blaze yellow with pink tinge; branchlets with transverse lenticels. Leaves simple, alternate, 5-14 x 2.5-6 cm, lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, ovate or obovate, apex abruptly acuminate, caudate-acuminate or acute, base rounded or acute, margin crenate or serrate, glabrous, coriaceous, 3-5-ribbed from the base; lateral nerves 3-8 pairs, pinnate, faint, intercostae reticulate, faint; petiole 8-15 mm, slender, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, 1.5 cm across, white, in axillary racemes of 5-7 cm long; rachis ferrugineous tomentose; pedicel 6 mm long, puberulus. Sepals 4-6, 3 x 2 cm, ovate, ciliate. Petals 4-6, 1.5 mm long, oblong, glabrous. Stamens numerous, free; anthers 1 mm long; connective produced into a reddish hood; disc extra-staminal, glandular pubescent. Ovary one celled, few ovuled; style 4 mm long, thick, grooved; stigma 3-fid. Fruit a berry, globose, 10 x 8 mm across, with persistent style; seeds few.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Kozhikkode, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-700
  Localities: Vellanimala, Vazhani, Olikkudy, Karimutty, Alampetty, Eravangalar, Ontangadi, Parambikulam, Aruvanpara, Aikdau, Manantody, Mukkali forests, Pothundy Dam slopes, Ampumala, Nadugani ghats, Vandalodu, Bonaccord, Meenmutty, Karamanayar region
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