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  Scleropyrum pentandrum
 
  Family: SANTALACEAE
  Citation:  Scleropyrum pentandrum (Dennst.) Mabb., Taxon 26: 533. 1977; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 254. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 351. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 329. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 403. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 414. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 402. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 320. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 388. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 276. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 360. 1998; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 587. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 430. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 714. 2009. Pothos pentandrus Dennst., Schluss. Hort. Malab. 16, 24, 33. 1818. Scleropyrum wallichianum (Wight & Arn.) Arn., Mag. Zool. Bot. 2: 550. 1838; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 234. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1262(884). 1925. Sphaerocarya wallichiana Wight & Arn., Edinb. New Phil. J. 15: 180. 1833.
  Malayalam Name(s): Irumulli, Vathamparatti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees; trunk with sharp axillary thorns. Leaves simple, alternate, to 15 x 9 cm, ovate or oblong, acute or acuminate, base truncate or rounded, coriaceous; nerves 5 pairs, irregular; petiole 4 mm long, stout. Flowers polygamous on drooping spikes; bracts filiform, deciduous. Spikes unequal, solitary or fascicled, along mature stems, 5-10 cm long; bracts triangular, acuminate, 1.5 mm long, scarious. Perianth orange-yellow, adnated to the ovary in bisexual and female flowers and free in male flowers, 5-fid at apex. Stamens 4 or 5, anthers divaricate. Ovary inferior, 1-celled, 3-ovuled; style short; stigma peltate. Drupes pyriform, 2.5 x 2 cm; purple, crowned by the perianth tube; seed 1.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Idukki, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Palakkad, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests, also in the sacred groves
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-700
  Localities: Peechi, Vazhachal, Rosemala, Kattalappara, Pachakkanam, Manthampotty, Pachakkanam, Perunthenaruvi, Kannoth, Tirunalli, Panathur, Payyavur, Santhanpara, Mukkali forests, Kudam-Siruvani forests, Ponmudi, Kulathupuzha, Ariankavu, Vandalodu, Thenmalai, Bonac
   
 
   
 
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