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  Schleichera oleosa
 
  Family: SAPINDACEAE
  Citation:  Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken, Allg. Naturgesch. 3:1341. 1841; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 71. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 125. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 108. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 64. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 114. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 111. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 145. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 133. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 78. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 12, 19; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 119. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 77. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 166. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 80. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 78. 1999; P.C. Pant in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 384. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 76. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 176. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 143. 2005; P. Singh & E. Vajr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 786. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 187. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 246. 2009. Pistacia oleosa Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 615. 1790. Schleichera trijuga Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 1096. 1805; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 681. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 248(177). 1915.
  Malayalam Name(s): Doodalam, Poovanam, Poovam, Puvam, Puvathi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Ceylon oak, Lac tree, Macassar oil tree
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, bole fluted; bark 10-12 mm thick, surface grey, smooth, brittle. Leaves paripinnate, alternate, exstipulate; leaflets 4-6, opposite or subopposite, 5-15 x 1.8-4.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, ovate or obovate, apex acute or obtuse, base oblique or rarely obtuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous; rachis 5.5-11.5 cm, stout, glabrous, swollen at base; lateral nerves 10-23, parallel, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers polygamodioecious, 5-6 mm across, greenish-yellow, in axillary spicate panicles. Male flowers: calyx lobes 5, valvate or obscurely imbricate; petals 0; disc complete, with the disc; stamens 7 or 8, free, inserted within the disc; filaments 1.5 mm, pilose; anthers oblong; pistillode small. Bisexual flowers: ovary 2 mm, superior, 3-celled, ovule 1 in each cell; style rigid, terete; stigma 2 or 3 lobed. Fruit a drupe, 16-18 mm across, subcrustaceous, pointed, often echinate with stout rather blunt prickles; seed 1 or 2, enclosed in a pulpy aril which has a pleasant acid taste; testa smooth, brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1000
  Localities: Sholayar, Vazhachal, Kattalappara, Alampetty, Karimutty, Vallakkadavu, Sabarimala, Muthalakkuzhi, Nedumkayam, Aruvanpara, Angamoozhy, Begur, Trisselari, Taliparamba, Walayar, Mukkali forests, Thuravoor, Panangad, Thenmalai, Ettapadappu, Kulathupuzha, Mee
   
 
   
 
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