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  Sarcostigma kleinii
 
  Family: ICACINACEAE
  Citation:  Sarcostigma kleinii Wight & Arn., Edinb. New Phil. J. 14: 299. 1833; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 594. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 199(142). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 65. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 114. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 99. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 94. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 103. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 115. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 114. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 65. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 11. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 104. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 64. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 141. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 65. 1998; R. Mathur in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 35. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 63. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 157. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 125. 2005; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 690. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 170. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 217. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Erumathali, Odal, Odappzham, Vattodal, Vellodal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Woody climbers, branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, 17-22 x 8-12 cm, oblong-lanceolate, apex acuminate, base rounded or obtuse; lateral nerves 8 pairs, reticulate; petiole 5-12 cm long. Spikes to 35 cm long, slender, axillary or from tubercles. Flowers 3-6 together, yellow. Calyx cupular, 2 mm across, 5-toothed. Petals 3-5 mm long, oblong, recurved. Stamens 5, anthers versatile, staminodes 5. Female flowers mostly from old wood, ovary 1-celled, densely hairy; stigma sessile, discoid; pistillode in male flowers conical. Drupe to 3 x 1.5 cm, ovoid, orange-yellow, glabrous.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in sacred groves
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1000
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Vellanimala, Ponmudi, Rosemala, Pambavalley, Puthussery, Kottayali, on way to Panoth, Kannoth, Taliparamba, Mukkali forests, Ayyappankovil, Thiruvizhamkunnu, Kadakarapally, Nadugani ghats, Thenmalai, Ettapadappu, Karamanayar region, Bon
   
 
   
 
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