Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Saraca asoca
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde, Blumea 15: 393. 1968; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 94. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 164. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 167. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 147. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 184. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 35. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 170. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 119. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 166. 1996; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 334. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 200. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 260. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 327. 2009. Jonesia asoca Roxb., Asiat. Res. 4: 365. 1799. Saraca indica sensu Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 57. 1870; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 271. 1878, non L. 1769; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 409(289). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Ashokam, Hemapushpam, Vanjuulam
  Tamil name(s): Ashok
  English name(s): Asoka tree
  Description: Trees, to 10 m high, bark 2-3 mm thick, surface brown or brownish-black, lenticellate. Leaves paripinnate, alternate; leaflets 6-12, opposite, 7-28.5 x 2-8.5 cm, narrowly oblong, oblong-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, round, cuneate or acute, apex acute or acuminate, base obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; stipules 7-20 mm long, intra petiolar, scarious, ovate, connate; rachis 4-25 cm long, slender, pulvinate, glabrous; petiolule 2-10 mm long, stout, glabrous; lateral nerves 10-15 pairs, pinnate, arched towards the margin, slender, faint, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, yellow-orange or red, in dense sessile paniculate corymbs, axillary to leaves or leaf scars; bracts ovate, small deciduous; bracteoles 4 mm long oblong-spathulate, ciliolate, coloured, subpersistent. Calyx 4 cm long, petalloid, cylindric, enclosing a lobed disc; lobes 4, ovate-oblong, unequal, spreading, imbricate. Petals 0. Stamens 7 or 8, much exserted, free; filaments long, filiform, coloured, glabrous; anthers versatile. Ovary half inferior, stipitate, the stipe adnate below to one side of the disc, pubescent; style incurved, glabrous, filiform; stigma small, capitate; ovules many. Fruit a pod 10-5 x 2-5 cm, flat, oblong, coriaceous or almost woody, tapering at both ends; continuous within; seeds 2-8, 3.8 cm long, ovoid, slightly compressed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests, also grown as ornamental tree in the plains
  Distribution: India and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Orange, Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 400-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Nelluyampathy forests, Arampa, Brahmagiri, Tirunalli, Marapalam-Pothundy, Ponmudi, Ariankavu, Chingoli
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online