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  Salacia fruticosa
 
  Family: HIPPOCRATEACEAE
  Citation:  Salacia fruticosa Heyne ex Lawson in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 628. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 215(155). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 66. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 116. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 101. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 98. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 104. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 123. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 118. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 108. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 68. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 69. 1998; K. Ramam. & B.D. Naithani in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 153. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 67. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 164. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 127. 2005; K. Ramam. & P. Venu in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 720. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 173. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 225. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Eakanayakam, Ponkarandi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Woody climbing shrubs; branchlets looped; young shoots puberulous. Leavessimple, opposite, 3.8 - 7 x 2-4 cm, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-oblong, apex obtusely acuminate, base rounded or cuneate, coriaceous; petiole c. 5 mm long. Cymes axillary; pedicels 3-5 mm long. Calyx 5-lobed, minute; lobes minutely ciliate on margins. Petals 5, brownish-yellow, c. 2 mm across, orbicular. Disc fleshy. Stamens 3, inserted on the inner margin of the disc; filaments broad, curved. Ovary globose, minute, partially sunk in the disc, 3-celled; ovules 2-8 in each cell; style very short; stigma capitate, obscurely 3-lobed. Berry 2-2.5 cm across, globose, red; seeds 1-3.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in the sacred groves and plains
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1300
  Localities: Sholayar, Chimmini, Kallar, Rosemala, Koruthode, Pooppara, Neyyar, Parur, Edamalayar, Aikdau, Thekkuthode, Chandanathode, Aralam, Taliparamba, Panathur, Vandanam, Attayar
   
 
   
 
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