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  Sageraea thwaitesii
 
  Family: ANNONACEAE
  Citation:  Sageraea thwaitesii Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 93. 1855; Heusden, Nordic J. Bot. 17: 48. 1997. Bocagea thwaitesii (Hook. f. & Thomson) Hook. f. & Thomson in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 92. 1872. Sageraea dalzellii Bedd., Ic. Pl. Ind. t. 42. 1874, p.p. Sageraea grandiflora Dunn, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1914: 182. 1914 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 12(8). 1915; Ramach. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 5: 140. 1984; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 65. 1984; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 282. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 19. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 9. 1998; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 171. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pothandi, Manjaara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees to 20 m tall; bark black, smooth. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 8-20 mm long, stout, glabrous, grooved above, blade 18-35 x 7-12.5 cm, broadly oblong; base round, acute or obtuse; apex acute or short-acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous, shining above; lateral nerves 10-16 pairs, slender, faint, pinnate; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, yellow, fascicled axillary or on woody tubercles; pedicles to 2.5 cm long; sepals 3, 2-3 x 5 mm, orbicular, ciliate, connate at base; petals 6 (3+3), 13 x 8 mm, orbicular, concave, ciliate along margins; inner petals similar but smaller than outer, glabrous; stamens 12, anthers oblong, connective prolonged, not concealing the anthers; carpels 3-6, free, strigose; style absent, stigma globose. Fruit an aggregate of berries; fruitlets 3.5 cm across, globose, smooth; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-February
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Ernakulam, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Rosemala, Kattalappara, Koruthode, Puthussery, Kallidamkunnu
   
 
   
 
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