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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Saccharum officinarum
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Saccharum officinarum L., Sp. Pl. 54. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 118. 1896; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1709(1185). 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 345. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 483. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 478. 1985; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 588. 1990; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 185. 1991; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 590. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 889. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Bheerukam, Eezhakarimbu, Ikshu, Kanthari, Karimbu, Neelakarimbu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Sugarcane, Noble cane
  Description: Culm(s) solitary or branched, erect, to 4 m, waxy below nodes. Leaf-blades flat, to 150 x 6 cm, scabrous; ligule membranous, ciliate. Panicles ovate-pyramidal, to 90cm, dense, silvery. Spikelets linear-oblong, to 0.4 cm, pale, surrounded by dense, white-silky hairs to 0.2 cm; callus densely white silky-hairy. Lower glume to 0.4 cm, papyraceous, acute; upper glume lanceolate, to 0.4 cm, keels scabrous; lower lemma lanceolate, to 0.4 cm, hyaline, veinless; upper lemma 0 or reduced; palea lanceolate, apically ciliate.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Thrissur, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kollam, Kozhikkode, Pathanamthitta, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Cultivated throughout the tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Pandalam, Tiruvalla, Vallicode-Kottayam, Thazhakkara
   
 
   
 
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