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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
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  Rotheca serratum
 
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Rotheca serrata (L.) Steane & Mabb., Novon 8: 206. 1998. Volkameria serrata L., Mant. Pl. 1: 90. 1767. Clerodendrum serratum (L.) Moon, Cat. Pl. Ceylon 46. n.382. 1824; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4:592.1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1100(770). 1924; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 233. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 313. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 293. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 214. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 354. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 316. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 609. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 365. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 358. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 19,26. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 351. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 75. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 531. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 310. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 239. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 240. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 522. 2002; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 139. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 391. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 560. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 638. 2009. Cyclonema serratum (L.) Hochst., Flora 25: 227. 1842.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cheruthekku, Kankabharnni, Kantani, Kattuppadappa, Kurukkutti, Napalu, Perikilam
  Tamil name(s): Bharangee
  English name(s): Bharangi, Blue flowered glory tree, Beetle killer
  Description: Shrubs to 2 m tall; stems and branches purplish, obtusely tetragonous. Leaves simple, opposite, or ternate. 8-22 x 5-14 cm, broadly elliptic-ovate or obovate, apex acuminate, base attenuate to acute, margin coarsely serrate, glabrous above and pubescent along the nerves below, thin-coriaceous; petiole to 1 cm long. Inflorescence elongate, terminal cymose panicles, 16-28 cm long, pubescent. Bracts ternate, 0.8-1.5 x 0.3-1 cm, ovate-lanceolate. Calyx 5-6 mm long, c. 5 mm across, cup-shaped, teeth ciliate. Corolla bluish; tube 0.8-1.2 cm long; lobes spreading, 2-lipped, 0.8-1 x 0.5 - 0.7 cm, unequal, oblong. Stamens 4; filaments 2-2.5 mm long, exerted. Ovary c. 2.5 mm across, globose. Drupe 4-lobed, 0.8-1.2 cm across, subglobose, dark-purple; seeds 2-4, 4-5 mm across, globose.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: India, Nepal, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Poringal, Ichampetty, Kumarikulam, Thekkady, Karimalagopuram, Kodanad, Campshed area, Ponnambalamedu, Tolpetty, Tirunalli, Taliparamba, Manjeswar, Marayur, Santhanpara, Agali, Aruvampara, Dhoni R. F., Muthikulam forests, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Muller
   
 
   
 
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