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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Rhododendron arboreum ssp. nilagiricum
 
  Family: ERICACEAE
  Citation:  Rhododendron arboreum J. E. Smith ssp. nilagiricum (Zenk.) Tagg. in Stevenson, Sp. Rhod. 15. 1930; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 165. 1988; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 36. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 47. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 219. 1998. Rhododendron arboreum J. E. Smith var. nilagirica (Zenk.) Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 466. 1881. Rhododendron nilagiricum Zenk., Amer. Sci. Nat. ser. 2. 6: 150. 1836; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 743(523). 1921.
  Malayalam Name(s): Alanchi, Kattupoovarasu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, bark brown, rough, vertically shallowly fissured, flaking off in scales; branchlets stout. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered towards the tip of branchlets, estipulate; petiole 10-20 mm long, stout, tomentose; lamina 3.7-12.7 x 2.5-5 cm, oblong-ovate, oblong-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, base obtuse or round, apex obtuse, apiculate, margin entire, glabrous above, tomentose beneath; lateral nerves 8-14 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, dark crimson or pink, in terminal capitate racemes, rarely solitary or axillary; bracts broad, silky, cauducous; bracteoles linear; calyx lobes 5; corolla urceolate; lobes 5; stamens 10, free; filaments slender; anthers oblong; ovary superior, 5-celled, ovules many; style slender; stigma capitate. Fruit a capsule, oblong, woody; valves at length reflexed; seeds many.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kottamala, Eravikulam, Kanthaloor forests, Sispara, Old Devicolam
   
 
   
 
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