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  Radermachera xylocarpa
 
  Family: BIGNONIACEAE
  Citation:  Radermachera xylocarpa (Roxb.) K. Schum. in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 243. 1895; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 999(701). 1924; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 295. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 335. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 259. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 9. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 332. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 229. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 485. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 289. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 228. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 223. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 499. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 371. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 601. 2009. Bignonia xylocarpa Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 108. 1832. Stereospermum xylocarpum (Roxb.) Benth. in Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 2: 1047. 1876; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 383. 1884.
  Malayalam Name(s): Edankorna, Kattumuringa, Pannimuringa, Pambukaimaram, Vedivembu, Vedangkonnai, Vedinkorana
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees; to 20 m high; bark 2.5 cm, light greyish-brown, rough, corky, flaking off in thin irregular scales; blaze brown and cream. Leaves compound, bipinnate or tripinnate, opposite, estipulate; rachis 24-50 cm long, stout, swollen at base and each nodes; pinnae 7-9, leaflets 3-9 in each pinnae, opposite; petiolule 1.5-5 mm; lamina 3.5-15 x 2-7 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or ovate; base oblique or acute; apex acute or acuminate; margin entire, membranous, glabrous; lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, glabrous, raised beneath, prominent, slender; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, white, tinged with yellow, fragrant, in terminal panicled cymes, calyx 1 cm long, campanulate, irregularly 5 lobed; corolla 4.5 cm long, 4 cm across, campanulate, bilabiate, lobes subequal, obtuse, crisped, glabrous; stamens 4, didynamous, included, anthers divaricate, 4 mm; staminodes filiform; ovary oblong, glabrous, superior; ovules many, multiseriate; style slender; stigma spoon shaped. Fruit a capsule, elongate, 30-75 x 1.5-3.7 cm, warty tubercled, woody, bivalved, dissepiments spongy, slightly curved; seeds winged, 1.5 cm long, with membranous wings at both ends.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-750
  Localities: Kulathupuzha, Peechi, Sholayar, Palapetty, Thekkady, Thannikkudy, Karimala, Appuppanthode, Mangalam Dam area, Nedumkayam, Kulathupuzha, Attayar
   
 
   
 
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