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  Racosperma melanoxylon
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Racosperma melanoxylon (R.Br.) Pedley, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 92: 240. 1986 Acacia melanoxylon R.Br. in Ait.f., Hort. Kew. (ed. 2) 5: 462. 1813; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 292. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 429(304). 1919; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 166. 1984; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 50. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 172. 1994; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 617. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 49. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karutha wattle
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Australian Blackwood, Black wattle, Blackwood Acacia
  Description: Trees, 10-35 m high; bark dark greyish; branchlets angled to terete, 3-6 mm thick. Phyllodes alternate: falcate-elliptic to lanceolate, 4-14 x 0.5-1.5 cm, attenuate at base, acute-attenuate at apex, coriaceous, glabrous, brown when dry; gland near base, obscure; main veins 3-5 (-6), more or less parallel, faint. Inflorescence: axillary racemes of head; peduncles 3-5 mm long. Flowers: white; calyx ca 2.5 x 2 mm; lobes oblanceolate, ca 2 x 0.8 mm, membranous; corolla ca 3.5 x 3 mm; lobes obovate, ca 3 x 1.5 mm; stamens 4-5 mm long; ovary ca 2.5 mm long; style lateral, ca 2 mm long. Pods: twisted or curved in a ring, 3.5-15 x 0.5-1.2 cm, flat, unlobed or constricted once or twice,, thin, glabrous, green, brown or dark reddish-brown or blackish when dry, bullate along seeds; seeds 2-4 oblong, 6-8 x 3.5-4 mm, black, enclosed by reddish 2-folded funcile.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-December
  District(s): Idukki, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kottayam
  Habitat: Planted as ornamental plant
  Distribution: Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Devicolam
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