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  Putranjiva roxburghii
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Putranjiva roxburghii Wall., Tent. Fl. Nap. 61. 1826; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 336. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1311(917). 1925; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 335. 2007. Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurusawa, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3. Bot. 6: 337. 1954; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 248. 1988; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 618. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 281. 1999; Chakrab. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 21: 271. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 288. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 627. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Ekkoli, Poothilanji, Ponkalam, Puthrajeevi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Officinal Drypetes
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bark dark grey, whitish when young with horizontal lenticels; branches generally pendent; branchlets terete, brown or blackish, slender, pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate; stipule small, lateral, caducous; petiole 5-7 mm long, slender, pubescent; lamina 3.5-12 x 1.5-4.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, base oblique, apex shortly acuminate, acute or obtuse with retuse tip; margin serrate or serrulate, glabrous, dark green, shining, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-12 pairs, pinnate, slender, ascending, prominent, intercostae reticulate, slender, prominent. Flowers unisexual, small, yellow; male flowers: sessile, in axillary spikes, 2-2.5 mm across; pedicels 1.5-2 mm long, glabrous; tepals 3-5, oblong, puberulous without, ciliate, obtuse, imbricate; stamens 2-4, 1.5-2 mm long; filaments thick, more or less connate towards base; anthers ovate, hairy; female flowers: solitary or in 2 or 3, axillary; pedicel upto 15 mm long, puberulous; bracts lanceolate; tepals 5-6, 2-2.5 × 1-1.5 mm, unequal, oblong, puberulous without, ciliate, acute; ovary superior, 3 x 2.5 mm, globose, tomentose, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style 3, spreading, tomentose, often connate below into dilated into broad fleshy stigma; stigma crescent-shaped, glandular. Fruit a drupe, 1.3-2 x 1.5 cm, ovoid-ellipsoid, white tomentose; seed one, crustaceous; pedicels 6-25 mm long.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-August
  District(s): Palakkad, Alappuzha, Idukki, Malappuram, Thrissur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests, also in sacred groves
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-1000
  Localities: Churullipetty, Alampetty, Keerapady, Walakkad, Kadakarapally, Nedumkayam
   
 
   
 
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