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  Pterospermum reticulatum
  Citation:  Pterospermum reticulatum Wight & Arn., Prodr. 69. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 368. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 108(77). 1915; N.C. Nair & C.N. Mohanan, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 2: 234. 1981; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 94. 1984; Chandra in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 451. 1993; Pandura. & V.J. Nair, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 17: 183. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 12, 19; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 67. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 102. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 37. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 34. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 109. 2002; V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 467. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 165. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malayuram, Malavuram, Malaviriam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 18 m high, bark 10-15 mm thick, brown mottled with green, smooth, exfoliations thin, fibrous; blaze pink-red. Leaves simple, alternate, bifarious; stipules free, lateral, cauducous; petiole 7-10 mm long, stout, tomentose; lamina 8-15 x 4-10 cm, oblong, obovate or panduriform, base obtuse, cordate, or oblique, apex acuminate, margin entire except for the dentate tip, glabrous above, cream coloured mealy tomentose with darker minute stellate hairs beneath, coriaceous; 3-5-ribbed from base, palmate, prominent, lateral nerves 5-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white, in terminal or axillary fascicles; bracteoles laciniate; calyx tubular, 5-partite; lobes lanceolate, recurved on opening, white silky within; petals 5, 2.5 cm long, obovate-oblong, spreading, smaller than calyx, deciduous; staminal column adnate to the gynophore, bearing 5 groups of 3 stamens each between staminodes; staminodes filiform; ovary superior, hairy, placed at the tip of gynophore, 5-celled, ovules 6 in each cell; stigma simple. Fruit a capsule 5-7.5 x 3-3.7 cm, obtusely angled, hard, 5 valved, brown stellate pubescent outside; seeds 4 in each cell, prominently veined, dark brown; wing papery, oblique, falcate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-November
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kollam, Malappuram, Thrissur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 500-800
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Pamba, Velayudhankayi, Mannarappara, Pooyamkutty, Cherupuzha, Karimpuzha, Bonaccord
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