Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Pterospermum reticulatum
 
  Family: STERCULIACEAE
  Citation:  Pterospermum reticulatum Wight & Arn., Prodr. 69. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 368. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 108(77). 1915; N.C. Nair & C.N. Mohanan, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 2: 234. 1981; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 94. 1984; Chandra in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 451. 1993; Pandura. & V.J. Nair, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 17: 183. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 12, 19; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 67. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 102. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 37. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 34. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 109. 2002; V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 467. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 165. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malayuram, Malavuram, Malaviriam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 18 m high, bark 10-15 mm thick, brown mottled with green, smooth, exfoliations thin, fibrous; blaze pink-red. Leaves simple, alternate, bifarious; stipules free, lateral, cauducous; petiole 7-10 mm long, stout, tomentose; lamina 8-15 x 4-10 cm, oblong, obovate or panduriform, base obtuse, cordate, or oblique, apex acuminate, margin entire except for the dentate tip, glabrous above, cream coloured mealy tomentose with darker minute stellate hairs beneath, coriaceous; 3-5-ribbed from base, palmate, prominent, lateral nerves 5-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white, in terminal or axillary fascicles; bracteoles laciniate; calyx tubular, 5-partite; lobes lanceolate, recurved on opening, white silky within; petals 5, 2.5 cm long, obovate-oblong, spreading, smaller than calyx, deciduous; staminal column adnate to the gynophore, bearing 5 groups of 3 stamens each between staminodes; staminodes filiform; ovary superior, hairy, placed at the tip of gynophore, 5-celled, ovules 6 in each cell; stigma simple. Fruit a capsule 5-7.5 x 3-3.7 cm, obtusely angled, hard, 5 valved, brown stellate pubescent outside; seeds 4 in each cell, prominently veined, dark brown; wing papery, oblique, falcate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-November
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kollam, Malappuram, Thrissur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 500-800
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Pamba, Velayudhankayi, Mannarappara, Pooyamkutty, Cherupuzha, Karimpuzha, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online